Overview

Liver is the largest solid organ in the body and has many important functions which are necessary for life. It has many functions some of which include:

  • Detoxification of toxins produced in the body as well as those consumed
  • Builds special proteins to prevent bleeding
  • Makes bile to break down fats from food
  • Stores and metabolizes sugar for energy
  • Metabolizes drugs consumed
  • Stores vitamins and minerals
  • Break down proteins in absorbed food

Liver transplantation is the replacement of a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person (allograft). The most commonly used technique is orthotropic transplantation, in which the native liver is removed and replaced by the donor organ in the same anatomic location as the original liver. Liver transplantation is a viable treatment option for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure. The surgical procedure is very demanding and ranges from 4 to 18 hours depending on the outcome.

People who need liver transplant include the following:

  • Acute liver failure
  • Chronic liver failure